Crj 305 module 8 check your understanding



When confronted with a moral dilemma, care ethics encourages us to consider:


a.   relevant duties and imperatives.

b.   equality and proportionality.

c.   situational factors and the needs of all involved.

d.   natural and legal rights.







Which of the following is NOT one of the universal conditions of human flourishing outlined in your text?


a.   Cooperative relationships

b.   Fulfillment of biogenic needs

c.   Pleasurable activity

d.   Connectedness with others







Which of the following is a key Aristotelian idea that describes a midpoint between extremes of excess and deficiency?


a.   Eudaimonia

b.   The Golden Mean

c.   The Middle Path

d.   Care







Traits of character that dispose a person to act in a moral fashion are typically referred to as:


a.   vices.

b.   character tendencies.

c.   dispositional values.

d.   virtues.







An ethic of care stresses the importance of rationally-derived universal rights in our interactions with others and in resolving moral dilemmas.


a.   True

b.   False







For Aristotle, the ultimate purpose of human life is health and procreation.


a.   True

b.   False







Aristotle’s ethics was teleological, meaning:


a.   theoretical.

b.   directed toward a goal or end.

c.   superior to prior ethics.

d.   directed toward others.







Which of the following frameworks encourages us to imagine alternative solutions to moral dilemmas, “focusing less on deciding between given alternatives” and, instead, “envisioning new alternatives” that we may not have initially considered?


a.   Utilitarianism

b.   Kantian ethics

c.   Care ethics

d.   Ethical egoism







“Character” is best understood as a collection or system of more specific character traits.


a.   True

b.   False







Which of the following is a “tendency to behave in certain ways in certain circumstances?”


a.   Character trait

b.   Virtue

c.   Vice

d.   All of the choices apply







Which of the following is an approach to justice which focuses on repairing harms through processes involving the offender, victim, and community?


a.   Selective enforcement

b.   Broken windows

c.   General deterrence

d.   Restorative justice







Which of the following frameworks would be most likely to justify convicting an innocent person?


a.   Virtue ethics

b.   Utilitarianism

c.   Kantian ethics

d.   Natural law







Which of the following would be considered biogenic needs?


a.   Money

b.   Shelter and clean air

c.   Friendship

d.   Procreation







An ethic of care would most likely support the practice of selective enforcement, particularly for less serious criminal offenses.


a.   True

b.   False







Which of the following types of programs seeks to bring victims and offenders together, promoting healthy interaction between them?


a.   Victim-offender reunification

b.   Preservation programs

c.   Victim-offender reconciliation

d.   Validation programs







Strict determinate sentencing schemes would be consistent with the basic philosophy advocated by an ethic of care.


a.   True

b.   False







Disloyalty, greed, mercilessness, prejudice, and intolerance are examples of:


a.   moral virtues.

b.   corrective emotions.

c.   other-directed traits.

d.   moral vices.







Traits of character that dispose us to act in ways that are indifferent toward the well-being of others could be considered vices.


a.   True

b.   False







Mandatory arrest policies require a police officer to make an arrest, if possible, in domestic violence scenarios.


a.   True

b.   False







Virtue ethics holds character, actions, and consequences to be correlated, such that the presence of virtuous character often gives rise to right actions which lead to good consequences.


a.   True

b.   False

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