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Assignment 1: Different Approaches to Diversity Issues (1865–1925)

Due Week 3 and worth 120 points

In Assignment 1, we ask you to choose one of three topic choices listed below on the subject of diversity then use the Writing Guide located in Blackboard to write a brief paper on the subject. Each topic explores two different approaches to diversity during the 60-year period after the Civil War (1865–1925). The dynamic between the two approaches will have a profound impact on our history then—and now.

As you prepare and brainstorm ideas for your paper, first read and review what our Schultz textbook covers on the subject. Then, consider the other sources listed with each topic below. It is important that you review these sources carefully because your paper should use a minimum of three sources from the list below.

TOPIC CHOICE ONE: Empowering African Americans—Two Strategies

Here you will focus on the approaches of Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois. Other noted names and certainly different organizations will become part of your inquiry. Washington’s famous 1895 “Atlanta Compromise” speech (labeled such later by critics) sets the tone. One might find virtues, problems and successes associated with both strategies. You might see elements of each in strategies of later leaders and related issues even today.

 Sources: Schultz, p. 340–2, 400–1, 404–5. See http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/39/; and see http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/40

TOPIC CHOICE TWO: Getting Women the Vote—Two Strategies

Here you will focus on the approaches of two organizations and some names associated with each. These are the NAWSA (National American Woman Suffrage Association; later the League of Women Voters) and the NWP (National Women’s Party). You will identify the strategic approach and key players in each as they pursued the common goal of getting women the right to vote. One might find virtues, problems and successes associated with both strategies. You might see elements of each in strategies of later leaders and related issues even today.

 Sources: Schultz, p. 364–366. Also see https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/carrie-chapman-catt on one of the leaders of the NAWSA; on the NWP’s Alice Paul, see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GDe4DkZN2A ; and https://americanhistory.si.edu/blog/2012/05/alice-paul-champion-of-woman-suffrage.html.

TOPIC CHOICE THREE: Immigration—Two Opposing Approaches and Views

Here you will focus on two opposing views of immigration and its impact on American culture and life. These are visible in the late 1800s and early 1900s, in a time where immigration was skyrocketing for a long period—but significant restrictions would come into play. One view is represented by lines of a famous poem on the base of the Statue of Liberty. The other finds its place in laws restricting immigration. One might find virtues, problems and successes associated with one or both strategies. You might see elements of each in strategies of later leaders and related issues even today.

 Sources: Schultz, p. 334–5, 348–9, 358–9, 408–9. Look for events and issues like the opening of Ellis Island, the melting pot idea, the Chinese Exclusion Act, and the National Origins Act. Also see the poem on the Statue of Liberty base: https://www.nps.gov/stli/learn/historyculture/colossus.htm . And see http://college.cengage.com/history/wadsworth_9781133309888/unprotected/ps/chinese_exclusion_act.htm .

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